Information in the menus below was updated in June 2019. To contribute information that may be of interest to others in your country, please contact your country’s host: Volker Reissner (volker.reissner@uni-due.de). As the International Network for School Attendance grows, materials will be added to your country’s webpage. 

People, groups, and organizations

Not for profit

  • Outpatient clinic for children and adolescents with school-avoiding behavior, LVR-Klinikum Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen at the LVR-Clinic
  • Inpatient and outpatient treatment for youth with school absenteeism and mental disorders,  University Hospital Cologne.
  • The Interdisciplinary Research Group on School Absenteeism and Dropout was founded by leading educational scientists specialised in special needs education in Germany. The group includes scientists and experts from educational sciences, youth services, psychiatry, psychology, and counselling. The aims of the research group are to: (1) increase knowledge with regard to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of school absenteeism; (2) develop educational quality standards for practical use; and (3) exchange knowledge and foster a multiprofessional perspective on school absenteeism/dropout. The research group is organised and chaired by Prof. Dr. Gisela C. Schulze, University of Oldenburg (gisela.c.schulze@uni-oldenburg.de) and Prof. Dr. Heinrich Ricking, University of Oldenburg (heinrich.ricking@uni-oldenburg.de). The annual meeting of the group is held in Eisenach, Germany.

Current and upcoming activities and achievements

  • 2019: The EU-funded study ‘Back To School’ (“Terug naar school – Zurück zur Schule”) is a study assessing the prevalence of school absenteeism in children and adolescents receiving treatment for mental disorders. The study is conducted by a Euregio Rhein-Waal consortium of four mental health providers for children and adolescents: Karakter (Child- and Adolescent psychiatry of the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands), GGnet (Mental health service provider in Nijmegen, Netherlands), LVR-Clinic Viersen (Department for child- and adolescent psychiatry, Germany), and LVR-Clinic / University Clinic Essen (Department for child- and adolescent psychiatry, Germany).
  • 2018-2019: Evaluation of the Inventory of School Attendance Problems (ISAP). This 48-item questionnaire assesses a broad spectrum of school attendance problems. The ISAP is currently available in German, but it is currently being translated into Swedish and Finnish. Contact: Martin Knollmann (martin.knollmann@lvr.de) at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LVR-Klinikum Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen at the LVR-Clinic, Essen.  
  • 2019 February: The German version of the School Non-Attendance Checklist (SNACK) has been prepared. This checklist supports screening for types of absenteeism, including school refusal, truancy, school withdrawal, and school exclusion. Contact: Martin Knollmann (martin.knollmann@lvr.de) or Volker Reissner (volker.reissner@uni-due.de) at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LVR-Klinikum Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen at the LVR-Clinic, Essen.  

Past activities and achievements

  • 2018 September: ‘School Refusal From an International Perspective’, an international symposium on school absenteeism. Organized by the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LVR-Klinikum Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen at the LVR-Clinic, Essen. Contact: Volker Reissner (volker.reissner@uni-due.de).
  • 2018 June: ‘Prevent school absenteeism! Strategies and concepts’ (Schulabsentismus verhindern! Strategien und Konzepte). An expert conference on school absenteeism organized by the Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Evangelische Jugendsozialarbeit e.V., Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Katholische Jugendsozialarbeit e.V., Deutsches Rotes Kreuz and PARITÄTISCHEM Gesamtverband.
  • 2016: ‘School Absenteeism as a Challenge in Europe: Approaches and Perspectives’ (Schulabsentismus als europaweite Herausforderung: Herangehensweisen und Perspektiven‘). An expert conference on school absenteeism organized by the Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Evangelische Jugendsozialarbeit e.V., Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Katholische Jugendsozialarbeit e.V., Deutsches Rotes Kreuz and PARITÄTISCHEM Gesamtverband.
  • 2015: Development and evaluation of a modular treatment for children and adolescents with problematic school absenteeism. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LVR-Klinikum Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen at the LVR-Clinic, Essen. Contact: Volker Reissner (volker.reissner@uni-due.de).

Helpful links and other resources

  • Information on school absenteeism as offered by different German states ‘Bundesländer’. Because the 16 German states are each responsible for education, information on school absenteeism and guidelines about how to handle this problem may vary. Please find some examples below:
  • In Germany different cities and districts may have different guidelines for the handling of problematic school absenteeism. Please find different examples below. If your city/district is interested in being included in this list please contact Volker Reissner: volker.reissner@uni-due.de.
  • The German Youth Institute ('Deutsches Jugendinstitut, DJI'). The web page of the DJI includes information on school absenteeism and related topics.
  • German-language literature:
    • Knollmann, M., Knoll, S., Reissner, V., Metzelaars, J., & Hebebrand, J. (2010). School avoidance from the point of view of child and adolescent psychiatry: Symptomatology, development, course, and treatment. Deutsches Aerzteblatt International, 107, 43–49.
    • Reissner, V., Hebebrand, J., Knollmann, M. (2015): Beratung und Therapie bei schulvermeidendem Verhalten. Multimodale Interventionen für psychisch belastete Schulvermeider – das Essener Manual. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
    • Reissner, V., Jost, D., Krahn, U., Knollmann, M., Weschenfelder, A.-K., Neumann, A., Wasem, J., Hebebrand, J. (2015): The Treatment of School Avoidance in Children and Adolescents With Psychiatric Illness. Dtsch Arztebl Int, 112, 655-662. Deutsch: Therapie von Schulvermeidern mit psychiatrischen Erkrankungen. Eine randomisiert-kontrollierte Studie. Dtsch Arztebl, 112, 655-662.
    • Ricking, H. & Dunkake, I. (2017). Wenn Schüler die Schule schwänzen oder meiden: Förderziele Anwesenheit und Lernen-wollen. Hohengehren: Schneider
    • Ricking, H. & Hagen, T. (2016). Schulabsentismus und Schulabbruch. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer
    • Ricking, H. & Schulze, G. (Hrsg.) (2012). Schulabbruch – ohne Ticket in die Zukunft? Bad Heilbrunn: Klinkhardt
    • Ricking, H. & Speck, K. (Hrsg.) (2018). Schulabsentismus und Eltern. Berlin: Springer

Disclaimer: INSA’s Mission encourages us to disseminate as much readily available information as possible, without judgement. The sharing of this information should not be seen as an endorsement by INSA. People, groups, and organisations are separated into ‘for profit’ (fees are charged for services) and ‘not for profit’ (including charities, who may charge no fees or nominal fees for services). Please access and use this information with proper judgement.

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